What Is Toxoplasmosis?
Toxoplasmosis (Toxo) is a potentially serious, sometimes fatal infection caused by the Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) parasite, one of the most common parasites in the world.1
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) consider Toxoplasmosis to be a neglected parasitic infection.1 Toxoplasmosis has been targeted by the CDC as a priority for public health action based on the:
- Number of people infected
- Severity of illness
- Ability to prevent and treat it
Though many people are infected with the parasite-over 40 million in the United States-only a small number may experience serious complications.2
Those at greatest risk include pregnant women and individuals who have compromised immune systems. Infections typically occur from contaminated food sources (e.g. undercooked meat, raw shellfish). However, the parasite can also be transmitted from mother-to-child or through an infected solid organ transplant.2